Honors United States History Fall 2019
1. Read and Take Notes
1. What were some of the problems that resulted from rapid urbanization, and how did urban governments respond to these problems?
2. What was the relationship between immigration and urbanization in the late nineteenth century?
3. Examine and evaluate the urban political machines and political bosses of the late nineteenth century.
4. How did the rise of mass consumption affect leisure and entertainment?
d. popular journalism.
Between the Civil War and World War I, the modern American economy emerged. A national transportation and communication network was created, the corporation became the dominant form of business organization, and a managerial revolution transformed business operations. By the beginning of the 20th century, per capita income and industrial production in the United States exceeded that of any other country except Britain. Unlike the pre-Civil War economy, this new one was dependent on raw materials from around the world and it sold goods in global markets. Business organization expanded in size and scale. There was an unparalleled increase in factory production, mechanization, and business consolidation. By the beginning of the 20th century, the major sectors of the nation's economy--banking, manufacturing, meat packing, oil refining, railroads, and steel--were dominated by a small number of giant corporations. Around the turn of the 20th century, mass immigration from eastern and southern Europe dramatically altered the population's ethnic and religious composition. Unlike earlier immigrants, who had come from Britain, Canada, Germany, Ireland, and Scandinavia, the new immigrants came increasingly from Hungary, Italy, Poland, and Russia. The newcomers were often Catholic or Jewish and two-thirds of them settled in cities. In this chapter you will learn about the new immigrants and the anti-immigrant reaction.
1. Bessemer Process
2. Henry Ford
3. Thomas Edison
6. Fordism7. Social Darwinism
12. Sherman Anti Trust Act 189013. Monopoly ,Trusts, Pools, Cartels
Strike of 1877
20. Wright Brothers21. Pullman Strike
24. American Federation of Labor25. Henry George
1. What factors drove America's industrial expansion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
2. Who were some of the businessmen and industrial titans of the late nineteenth century, and what did they contribute to America's industrial growth? 3.What changes took place in corporate organization in the late nineteenth century, and how did these changes affect the nation's economy?
4. Who were the critics of America's new industrial economy, what were their criticisms, and what solutions did they propose?
5. How did Social Darwinism attempt to justify the social consequences of industrial capitalism?
10. racial violence
11. Ku Klux Klan
14. Compromise of 1877
1. Read and Review Reconstruction webpage
d. Digital History Overview and Summary
1. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the North and the South, and explain the factors that led to northern victory and southern defeat.
2. Discuss Abraham Lincoln’s and Congress’s approach to the slavery question during the course of the Civil War and explain the impact of those decisions on the Union and its war effort.
3. Explain Grant’s strategy in the final years of the Civil War, and describe the battles that enabled him to achieve northern victory.
4. Discuss the political, economic, and human costs of the Civil War,
1. What was the Compromise of 1850? How was it passed? How did the Compromise of 1850 differ from the Missouri Compromise?
2. Explain the re-emergence of sectional tension between 1850 and 1854, dealing specifically with:
a. the Fugitive Slave Act,
b. Uncle Tom’s Cabin,
c. the Underground Railroad
3. Explain the Supreme Court’s decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford, and explain the impact of the decision on
northern and southern public opinion.
What were the goals of John Brown's raid, and why did it have such an
impact on the South?
5. What was the Republican platform in 1860? To what specific political groups were the Republicans trying to
appeal, and how did this platform propose to appeal to them? What was the outcome of this election and its
impact on the future of the country?